Jumat, 08 Juni 2012
Ways to have a baby boy or girl
There are surely many ways to have a baby.Most of us are likely to plan who will be the first born or second and so on.With today technologies,choosing a girl or a boy is much easier.But how you want to concieve a baby ,it depends.Below i am discussing one of the technologies today that giving us a chance to actually choose your baby gender.
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)
What is it?
An in vitro fertilization (IVF) technique in which embryos are created outside the womb and then tested for genetic disorders and gender.
PGD was introduced back in 1989, it was used solely to help couples or individuals with serious genetic disorders reduce their risk of having a child who suffered from the same condition. Today PGD is still used for this reason, but is also used commonly when women are 35 or older and/or have a history of recurrent miscarriage. Only a handful of clinics offer the technique for sex selection for nonmedical reasons.This will make any partner who wants to have a baby with less of risk.
How effective it is?
Almost 100 percent effective.
How it's done?
During an IVF cycle, eggs are fertilized with sperm in a petri dish. A single cell or cells are later removed from each of the resulting 3- to 5-day-old embryos and tested for gender.
In a regular IVF cycle scientists try to determine which embryos are normal merely by looking at them under a microscope. But with PGD, the embryos are tested thoroughly for genetic abnormalities and sex. By transferring only healthy embryos to the uterus, you're less likely to miscarry or have a child with a genetic disorder. Prenatal tests such asamniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS) are still recommended if you're 35 or older because more genetic abnormalities can be detected later in pregnancy.
In a regular IVF cycle, doctors usually transfer two or more embryos to your uterus — the number depends on your age, the quality of the embryos, and your reproductive history. (If you're 40 or older, typically four or five embryos may be transferred.) But in PGD, doctors transfer no more than two because they've already weeded out embryos that are unlikely to implant or to result in a healthy pregnancy.
If you do get pregnant, PGD guarantees with almost 100 percent certainty that you'll have a baby of your desired gender.
Following a PGD cycle, remaining embryos of the selected gender are automatically frozen. These can used in another attempt, if you miscarry or decide you want more children down the road. Frozen embryo transfers aren't as successful as fresh transfers, but the procedure is less invasive and significantly cheaper.
A single round of PGD can cost nearly $20,000.
The procedure is invasive and the removal of eggs from your ovaries can be painful.
The fertility drugs you have to take can have uncomfortable side effects such as weight gain, bloating, swelling, and blurred vision.
As with any IVF pregnancy, you're more likely to have multiple births. According to the latest statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 38 percent of infants conceived as a result of IVF and related procedures were twins.
About 43% of fresh IVF cycles result in a live birth, and that figure goes down as you get older. But some doctors claim higher success rates with PGD because defective embryos are excluded.
You'll need to decide what to do with the embryos of the undesired gender: freeze, destroy, or donate for other couples or research.
IVF cycles cost an average of $12,400. PGD adds an additional $3,000 to $6,000-plus to the tab. Check with your medical insurance company — part of the expense may be covered.Yes it is that expensive.
You can check more details at your nearest hospital.
Check out how can you plan your baby gender in natural and safe way.
Most fertility clinics that provide PGD don't allow it to be used solely for sex selection. You must have a medical reason such as a family history of genetic diseases or repeat miscarriages, or be over a certain age, usually about 38, to qualify for the procedure.
That said, a few centers allow you to use PGD to choose the sex of your baby even if you don't have a medical reason to do so:
Genetics and IVF Institute, with facilities in Virginia and Maryland. (To qualify, couples must be married, have at least one child, and desire a child of the opposite gender.)
The Sher Institutes for Reproductive Medicine, with seven branches nationwide. (Prospective patients are screened on a case-by-case basis, and couples with no children are not excluded from consideration.)
Reproductive Specialty Center in Newport Beach, California (restricted to couples who have at least one child and desire a child of the opposite gender).